Role of Decision Support System For Decision-Making Process in Global Business Environment

Decision Support System:

A Decision Support System is an integrated set of computer tools allowing a decision maker to interact directly with computer to retrieve information useful in making semi structured and unstructured decisions. Example of this decisions include such things as merger and acquisition decisions, plant expansion, new product decisions portfolio management and marketing decisions.

Decision making is a fundamental managerial activity. It may be conceptualized as consisting of four stages: intelligence, design, choice and implementation.

Important aspects of the Decision Support System:

1) The most important consideration is the Decision Support System’s ease of use – its ability to allow non -technical people to deal with it directly. The single greatest and most enduring problem with computers has been their inflexibility, their inability to let the person who actually needs the data to deal directly with the computer.

2) The ability to access information should not be restricted to only the part of an organization or to only certain managerial or professional groups. Instead the resource should be distributed to all of the people and part of an organization needing it without widespread access; the power of advanced Distributed Processing System will go untapped as they typically have in the past.

3) The ideal Decision Support System in sharp contrast to previous method of designing applications should not be a ‘system’ at all in the strict sense of the term. Rather, it should be a highly adaptive decision support generator that can easily be used by professionals to quickly design data support prototypes suited to each specific decision-making task. This adaptive tool must allow quick design changes if the original design does not closely match a person’s information gathering style or needs.

4) To adequately support the human element, this highly adaptive support capability must be able to provide access to operational data and as well as to summary data that already has been processed by application programs designed for other specific operational tasks. Equally important this tool must provide the professional with access to an organization’s raw data and it must allow the access to be accomplished in one step using a single uncomplicated procedure or command and without having to re-key non summary data.

5) The organizations need to access original data sometimes because efficiency is related to how well the original data is organized in the system; the Decision Support Generator should be able to interface with a true DBMS. It should also be able to access standard ‘flat’ files indirectly using the power of the host computer to facilitate both the user interface and data access without changing existing files.

6) The Decision Support Generator should let the user decide whether information should be displayed on the CRT screen for immediate use or whether it should be printed for later use. The best way to accomplish such flexible data presentation is through a work station. The management or professional information workstation would incorporate a keyboard, display screen and an interface to a printer which could print everything from straight text to graphics like pie charts, bar charts and line charts.

7) The support tool must interface with several different systems and capabilities, it must be compatible with all of them, the tool must provide users with a single easily used language to access manipulate and present data in a way that will best support the end-user.

8) To facilitate formatting and manipulating displayed data, the decision support generator should ideally be able to interface with word processing software. With this capability, the DSS becomes the critical link between data processing and office automation, integrating both functions in an easily-used, straight forward, extremely powerful system.

Decision making characteristics in the Global Business Environment:

Business Strategy/Decision Making Characteristics

Multinational: (decentralized federation) Decision making decentralized to subsidiaries, informal relationships between head quarters and subsidiaries

International: (coordinated federation) More vital decision and knowledge in general developed at head quarters and transferred to subsidiaries

Global: (centralized federation) Decisions made at the center knowledge developed and retained at the center

Transnational: (integrated network) Decision making and knowledge generation distributed among units

Managers and Decision Support System:

The daily work of a manager, as hundreds of brief activities of great variety, requiring rapid shifts of attention from one issue to another, very often initiated by emerging problems. A manager maintains a complex web of contacts outside and inside of the organization. A successful manager is not swamped by onslaught of these activities: he or she maintains a personal agenda. Effective manager carve out as it were, their own informal structure within the corporate structure and they use this network to keep themselves informed and influence others. It has been absorbed that proactive manager make special efforts to develop a long-term view and long-term agenda.

The need for types of information produced by decision support system has always been present. Decision support systems have become popular primarily because of their capability to fill this need. Nowadays availability of the computer hardware, the advent of the Database Management System in the 1970’s provided means for storage and management of large amount of data, large increase in number of software packages incorporating the functions of a decision support system. Finally many MBAs who were trained analytic techniques are now reaching the middle and upper levels of corporations .These individuals know how to use the tools that decision support system provide. So in most of the organization, managers used the computer based Data processing applications. This leads to develop the decision support system in business world.

A widely held notion is that modern decision -making is a highly structured process. According to this view, management makes decisions by gathering and analyzing all the relevant information, reviewing all possible alternatives and then calmly and rationally choosing the course of action that provides maximum benefits at minimal risk.

Managers play three types of roles in carrying out their functions. Interpersonal roles are mainly based on face-to-face interactions; through in some cases computerized communications media may be employed. Informational and decision roles are supported by variety of information system, which make information available, assist in decision making and serve as means of communication.

All the managerial roles have an element of decision making: the decision roles are the ones where this is the crucial aspect. The manager brings together resources in a novel way. Decision support system assists an entrepreneur in considering options, selecting one and planning for its implementation. Handling disturbances is a part of managerial control. Resource allocation is the essence of planning and decision support systems have become indispensable in many organizations for their purpose.

The manager is a problem solver, and the fundamental activity in problem solving is decision making. Decision making is the process of identifying a problem, developing alternative solution and choosing and implementing one of them. An experienced manager recognizes a problem as similar to one he or she has already encountered. The intuitive grasp of a problem most often relies on such an ability to establish an analogy. The systems approach to problem solving helps to manage complexity.

Decision support system in the organizational environment:

Organizations that have been the most successful in the implementing DSS have much in common. They have well established, well controlled and well structured data processing system which provides transaction processing data necessary for DSS. Such organizations have spent extra money and personnel necessary to maintain a research and development focus. All the departments in the organization have communicated with central groups of computer. The entire departments have sufficient confidence to initiate and manage systems projects. The central computer groups have several people on its staff that either came from all other departments’. Education and training programs are used by the organizations to build mutual understanding between departments and the computer group.

Capabilities offered by DSS:

1) Support decision making in ill-structured situations- in which ,precisely owing to the lack of structure, problem do not lend themselves to full computerization, and yet require computer assistance for access to and processing of voluminous amount of data.

2) Help to rapidly obtain quantities results needed to reach the decision.

3) Operate the ad hoc mode to suit the current needs of the user, as opposed to operating in a generally scheduled fashion as management reporting system do.

4) Support various stages of the decision making process.

5) Foster high-quality decision making by encouraging decisions based on the integration of available information and human judgment.

6) Offer flexibility as opposed to a preordained pattern of use – making it easy to accommodate the particular decision making style of an individuals.

7) Facilitate the implementation of the decisions which frequently cut across department boundaries.

8) Support group decision making particularly through group DSS (GDSS).

9) Give managers the opportunity to gain a better understanding for their business by developing and working with models.

Conclusion:

With in the past several years, `computers have been used increasingly in areas of financial management, production analysis, short-term planning and geographical analysis.Today’s business worlds, Computers are used for decision making process as a Decision support system. Decision Support System is types of management information system whose principal objective is to support a human decision maker during the process of arriving at decision. The strength of DSS lies in supporting decision making in situations where both human judgment and the power of the computer are required. DSS primarily support for strategic, tactical and operational planning.

Properly designed and integrated, the DSS becomes a very powerful support tool that enhances the productivity of professionals’ at all organizational levels in all departments. It can effectively extend the organization’s present staff by reducing its workload, thereby increasing productivity. And with today’s technology and state of the art software tools, it can bring us even closer to bridging the chasms and operations reach worlds. These features can offer today’s organizations pressed more than ever before to maximize efficiency while reducing costs unprecedented benefits in the utilization and management of both their human and computer resources.

Reference:

1) “Management Information System” by Viladimir Zwass

2) “The nature of Organizational Decision Making and the Design of Decision Support System” by George .P Huber.

3) “Introduction to Business Data Processing” by Lawrence S. Orillia

4) “Management Information System” by James O. Hicks JR

Horse Racing System – This One ALWAYS Works!

This horse racing system simply works by placing the same stakes (ie £ 10 on each selection) but it also has some rules, which are pretty straight forward to understand.

The amount of selections you bet on this horse racing system is determined by the odds of the favorite, I have placed a table of odds below for you to show how many selections can be bet upon.

All odds below are in decimals and are the odds of the Favorite in any given race.

Odds of Favorite In decimals Bet On First

Between 3.00 & 4.00 2 Horses

Between 4.00 & 5.00 3 Horses

Between 5.00 & 6.00 4 Horses

Between 6.00 & 7.00 5 Horses

Between 7.00 & 8.00 6 Horses

Let's just imagine that the first race you wanted to have a bet in is the 2.10 @ Ascot. Simply navigate to that particular race at your chosen, betting exchange, bookmaker website or go down to your local bookies and take a look at the odds / prices that you are being offered.

Now for this horse racing system to work, let's say for events that that the favorite was being offered @ 5.3. Take a look at the above table and look for 5.3, there you will see that you are allowed to bet on the first 4 horses in the betting market ie 1st Favorite, 2nd favorite, 3rd favorite and 4th favorite, making a little more sense now ??

The same goes for any price that the favorite has within the odds displayed in the table above.

This horse racing system, called "Level Stake" betting, has been around for "Donkey's" years but not too many people actually do it, simply because the major of punters are looking for a BIG win with every bet they place and to be honest They lose almost ALL the time.

Selections process for this horse racing system is very easy to do: if in your chosen race the favorite has odds of 3 at Betfair then you are allowed to place your stakes on the favorite and the second favorite in the betting.

If in this horse racing system you placed say £ 10 on each one, your total outgoings are £ 20. If the favorite were to win you would receive back £ 20 in winnings and your £ 10 stake money as well, so a total of £ 30.

If the second favorite were to win at odds of 5, then you would receive back £ 40 plus your £ 10 stake money back for a total of £ 50 return.
If you were to select a big race where the favorite was priced up at 7 on Betfair then you are allowed to place your stakes on the first 6 in the betting.

It is a very simple horse racing system, but highly effective and if done properly can make a very nice second income.

I have personally had winning bets of up to 25/1 although these are very few and far between it's very nice when it happens.

Level Stakes betting can be used with nearly all races, with just a few exceptions which are listed below.

1. Do not bet in "Maiden" races. I find these to be very unpredictable and results can vary.

2. NEVER bet in handicap races with over 16 runners, again very unpredictable and there are always much better races to bet in.

3. Never bet in "Apprentice" races, although there are some pretty good apprentice jockeys around you WANT a pro jockey that knows exactly what it takes to win a race.

Another variation of the above horse racing system is to MISS OUT the favorite and use the second favorite as your pointing point. This enables you to add more selections and get larger priced winners.

If you copy how I make my selections below then you will be quids in week after week.

If you decide to place your level stake bets with the favorite included, then this horse racing system is straight forward enough as ANY race that meets the above criteria is fair game but if you wanted to narrow your search down and just find between 2 & 4 Races per day to play in, then just copy the following to achieve a VERY high strike rate.

You will need any "run of the mill" newspaper (I prefer "The Sun") that has racing pages in its sporting section.

Plus you will need to register yourself at the http://www.racingpost.co.uk website if you have not done already then go do it now, it does not cost anything.

On racing day, to apply this horse racing system simply log onto the racing post website and go through ALL of that days racing, you must mark off (in your newspaper) the selection that the racing post gives as its most likely winner.

When you have done that you then look at what your newspaper's two tipsters go for that particular race. If ALL 3 (2 X newspaper tipsters plus racing post) select the same horse then that COULD be a definite bet. Then simply do this with the newspaper for ALL the races of the day. Do not be put off at all, it takes about 10 minutes to do, not a lot of time for a horse racing system that could change your financial future.

Once you have done that you need to go to Betfair and simply check the odds for the horse that ALL 3 tipsters have given. If the odds are acceptable with the odds in the table then you have a definite bet and you stake on however many horses that the odds in the grid tell you to.

The other variation of this horse racing system is where you miss out the favorite all together and the selection process for this is much simpler and quicker.

Simply miss out all the "Danger" races as described on the previous page then try to find races that have between 12 & 16 runners, especially handicap races because in handicap races horses are allotted different weights to carry, which in effect gives ALL horses the Same chance of winning.

Then all you need to do for this horse racing system to work is to get the odds for the SECOND favorite and place your stake money down on as many selections as the table allows you to.

Now you know how easy it is to make your selections, you will now need to know how to make best use of your betting bank.

We will take a £ 1000 betting bank as an example but you can start with even much you can afford, this horse racing system works for everyone!

Simply divide your betting bank by 100, so for a £ 1000 bank this figure is £ 10. So £ 10 is the amount you should place on your first ever race.

Let's now say that in your first race you can bet on the first 4 horses, you divide your first bet of £ 10 by 4, which equals £ 2.50, so £ 2.50 is the stake money that you place on the first 4 selections in your First race.

I can just hear you say "Hey, staking a mere £ 2.50 on a horse, this horse racing system is not going to make me rich !!"

Well, its not and is not meant to either, yet! You should look at this as a long term venture and protect your betting bank as best you can. Dividing your betting bank by 100 gives you 100 losing bets before you go bust and that just is not going to happen.

In the £ 2.50 example above if the favorite wins then you will win a level stake profit of £ 2.50 BUT if the favorite loses and an 8/1 shot wins, you will then pick up a nice £ 12.50 profit.

Then as the days go by your betting bank increases and then so your initial stake money and soon instead of placing £ 2.50 on each horse you will find yourself placing £ 22.50 on each horse, you can see how you start enjoying this horse racing system Now!

PR Crisis Management – Tell It All, Tell It Fast And Tell The Truth

I turned on the television news recently to learn that one of our top football teams may have lost an important match because of illness, the story being brought to us by a reporter stationed outside the hotel where the players enjoyed lunch prior to the game.

In the car, this was the lead story on the radio news with the story read by a reporter, again said to be outside the hotel. He confirmed that the Police had collected samples from the restaurant to pass onto the health authorities.

Guess what? The story was also the lead in the tabloid newspapers sat on my desk when I reached the office. Photographs of the hotel in question usually supported the story.

As a public relations professional, I reflected on what the hotel’s PR people are going through this morning. This is a prestigious hotel group with a well-crafted brand image of quality at the premium end of the market. Here they are, in the spotlight for all the wrong sort of reasons!

They will surely have a documented Crisis Management Plan or, in softer terms, a PR Communications Plan. But it is not only global companies who need to devise a plan in advance. Being in business, or even running a not-for-profit organisation, exposes everyone to the risk of a PR crisis.

No organisation is very far from crises and their resulting media attention. Their reputation can be washed away or seriously damaged in an instant. A crisis is any situation that threatens the integrity or reputation of your company, usually brought on by adverse or negative media attention.

These situations can be any kind of legal dispute, theft, accident, fire, flood or manmade disaster that could be attributed to your company. It can also be a situation where in the eyes of the media or general public your company did not react to one of the above situations in the appropriate manner. This definition is not all encompassing but rather is designed to give you an idea for the types of situations where you may need to follow this plan.

Crisis management is a complex subject, but here are five tips to get you started. And, start, you must.

1. Don’t wait. Many organisations only get their crisis plans underway once a disaster has struck. Instead, brainstorm possible scenarios or types of disasters that could happen, and start planning for them. In fact, I have found this to be a positive process as bringing together key executives to share ideas and examine scenarios often brings out a range of issues that they can take forward.

2. Realise that crises take a wide range of shapes. As I say, this can be anything from the hotel’s crisis to a legal dispute getting out of hand to customer dissatisfaction aired on the Internet. I even recall a weekend phone call from a Scout leader whose campsite had been washed away in storms with some children being injured; the media were on the telephone badgering her for the story! They will all require slightly different responses. Brainstorm and prepare for as many as you can imagine.

3. Develop a PR communications plan. A barrage of media attention may swamp you within minutes of the news breaking. Also, think about how you will get information out to staff, supporters & investors, and customers – yes, remember to get your side of the story out to customers as soon as you can. Internal communication is as important as communication to the general public.

A physical plan has to do with getting everyone out of the building in case of an earthquake. A communications plan involves identifying a spokesperson, developing press releases, setting up a media hotline, and finding a place where you can have a press conference.

4. Be prepared to speak to the media and to your constituents. Even if you can’t say much because your lawyer is concerned about liability, plan to say what you can as soon as you can. Be concerned, show concern, speak concern, and always tell the truth. That doesn’t mean you have to tell everything all at once, but never, never lie.

5. Provide media training for senior management. Do this before a disaster strikes. Make it a regular part of board and senior employee training. Media training needn’t cost a lot if you have someone on your board working in public relations or someone who is a member of the media. The key is to do it regularly so that new people are always trained and others don’t grow stale.

Don’t delay your crisis planning. Don’t ruin your hard-won reputation by handling difficult situations badly! The directors and PR team of that hotel this morning went to bed last evening little knowing the blast of unwelcome publicity that was facing them this morning. Hopefully, their PR Communications Plan will be a trusted aide today!

Suggested reading

1. “Crisis in Organizations: Managing and Communicating in the Heat of Crisis,” by Laurence Barton.

2. “You’d Better Have a Hose if You Want to Put Out the Fire: The Complete Guide to Crisis and Risk Communications,” by Rene A. Henry.

Role of an Attendance Monitoring System

We all are quite familiar about Attendance monitoring systems that are used by schools and colleges these days for an easy management. These systems are day by day gaining more and more popularity just because they help in reducing manual work. Apart from that it helps in a systematic functioning of the institution. An educational institution consists of lot of students. The institutions thus find it quite difficult to keep track on each and every student.

With the help of an attendance system, institutions and other organizations can save time and money. When we talk about an attendance management system it is not specifically only for schools or companies. It can be used everywhere where people in large number work. Apart from saving time this system also helps in saving money of the organization which was otherwise lost in monitoring, tracing and updating information.

Cost spent on buying supplies like ink, paper, files, sheets, pens, punching machines, and many more all can be saved with the use of automated systems. The attendance monitoring system is an automated system that is made of high- technology machine and RFID reader for marking attendance.

This system benefits teachers, management staffs in schools and colleges and managers in companies to easily view all the collected data within a single click. This stored data is stored in a database and hence is safely stored for years together. The same data if stored in documents are sure to get misplaced soon in the near future. To avoid all such problems all the organizations are using this system for a peaceful maintenance.

This system notes down every activity regarding every person. If in an organization it records a person’s worked hours, short hours, attendance records, short leave records etc. In school and college it keeps record on the student’s activities like attendance records, grades, projects, test reports etc.

This system can be very beneficial for human resource departments too as they can view the records of their employees and then provide salary to them. With this system issuing the salary would not at all be tough for companies as they can very easily check the record of employees and issue the salary. This system if used can be used for a long term process. Archive data too can be obtained as the data base is updated every year with a fresh set of important information and records.

The History of Business Communication

The history of business communication is, of course, closely linked with the histories of communication itself and that of business operations. When the two merge, they become a vital part of successful commerce.

Communication is the process where a concept is shared between two living things. It can occur as a gesture, sound or visually in the form of pictures or print. Some of the first forms of visual communication came in the form of pictographs. People conveyed stories, histories or instructions through a series of illustrations typically drawn on the walls of caves. The second stage of written communication appeared as crude alphabets used to create a written language. Mobility of communication also occurred at this time, with the writing being found on clay, wax and tree bark. The next leap was that of the printing press during the 15th century. Next came the magnificent technological advancement using air waves and electronic signals: radio and telephone.

At every stage of communication development, so did business practices. The advent of common alphabets and a written language mean that craftsmen could order raw materials from previously unattainable sources. Consumers living outside of town could order products from tradespeople in town without having to make the trip. Invoices could be written and paid, and purchase orders sent. One could even surmise that international business practices began around this time. Since exploration was taking place, and wonderful new things like spices and fabrics were being brought back home, sometimes now written business communication made it possible for vendors to offer their high-end customers the latest discoveries.

The printing press bought with it books, newspapers and catalogs bearing advertisements for local businesses. Businesses now had an entirely new way to draw in potential new customers. The latest advances in products could be advertised, as well as sales and new services offered. Catalogs were generally only printed by companies who could afford such a large expense, but for many families who lived in rural areas it was their only means of shopping.

Printed communication served both consumers and business owners well, but when the radio came into use at the end of the 19th century it revolutionized business communication once again. Now the products and services of every business could be marketed on the basis of mass communication. Once a household had a radio, broadcasts could reach far further than any newspaper or catalog. And it was instant. As soon as the message was spoken on the air, the word was out. When print ads were published it could sometimes take weeks or months for a response. Many entrepreneurs who saw the potential in radio became hugely successful. Their market share grows, and with it their profits.

Once radio took off, the telephone and television were not far behind. Of course, at first the telephone was not used for advertising in business, but more of a practical tool. Manufacturers could communicate with raw materials representatives, business owners could communicate with consumers and investors could communicate with their beneficiaries. It was not until the late part of the 20th century that the telephone was used to advertise for a business, through telemarketing and the facsimile. From its sunset, the television was used for marketing purposes. Media broadcasters would recruit local business owners to sponsor their show, in exchange for a few minutes of airtime to advertise their products. The exchange worked well.

When technology bought forth the computer and the internet, business communication radically changed once again. In fact the change was probably as important as when the printing press was invented. Not only could marketing spread further than ever before, but the speed in which it could occur was revolutionary. Business operations could now become much more efficient, further increasing profits. Consumers had more of a say in what they wanted and how they wanted to receive it. In many ways, the middleman was taken out of the equation. There was no longer the need for traveling salespeople. Customers could be reached in a much more cost effective manner through the use of computers and the internet.

Our business practices have become so reliant on these forms of media that it is hard to imagine life with out them. But now that technology has evolved so far, customers are looking for businesses that strive to communicate with their clients in more personal ways. Consumers want personal service in a convenient way, so now business communication must evolve once again.

5Linx Review, Things You Should Know

Wondering about availing the "5Linx" opportunity? Although, some people might consider 5Linx as a scam, it is definitely not. It is a legitimate business opportunity. Being a network based marketing opportunity, 5linx is a multi level compensation home based business plan. In order to be successful in 5linx business, you are required to build a successful team.

However, 5linx is not a job and you will not be paid any salary for being the representative. You will be paid only the basis of your efforts and the efforts of your team. In a way, you are required to train the members of your 5linx team and teach them the strategies of marketing, so that they are able to build their own businesses too. More the members make money in your 5linx team, more money you will make.

5linx offers legitimate services and products such as internet TV, satellite TV, WI-FI cellular phones, VOIP, branded regular cell phones, etc. So, by being a member at 5linx, you simply get customers and business partners, train your team members to do the same and earn money. Being a simple business opportunity, 5linx offers a high probability of success.

The best part about 5linx is that it is a low investment to start up. You are only required to spend a start up cost of $ 99-249 once and a low monthly cost for all other services like 5linx TV, 5linx magazine, corporate information etc. You need to spend time for building the residual income in 5linx. Either build a strong team or move tones of 5linx services and products.

The scheme is not a quick and rick scheme. If you want to earn, you need to work. The services and products of 5linx are used by people every day. You are not required to worry about explaining and convincing them about the services as people are already known to the services of VOIP, internet TV, cellular phones etc. Gaining customers with 5linx since becomes very easy. At 5linx, you only require a total of 25 customer points for making it to the top most position. The compensation plan at 5linx is of top class.

Serving US and 20 other countries, 5linx is one of the most rapidly growing communications company across the globe. Owned by GLOBALINX, 5linx is witnessinging tremendous growth in terms of customer and business associate base. VOIP, being the top product of 5linx, is making it earn huge revenues. In the year 2011, 5linx even emerged as a big name in the energy saving domain. Customers have the choice to cut their energy bills short by referring others.

5linx is one of the potential big names in the telecommunications industry today, offering numerous great products. 5linx quenches the third of saving money as well as making little extra extra cash. The best part about this business opportunity is that you get paid for using the products you always use or wish to. This firm is indeed a legitimate business opportunity and leverages simple products that are a household necessity either way. It is a profitable opportunity for everyone, be it the company, the representative or the future customers.

As a 5linx customer, you can enjoy the great benefits in terms of savings and product incentives, which you are going to spend however. As a 5linx business associate, you a ready made business served right in front of you, all set to get started.

What Drives Information Technology

Information technology generally refers to all forms of technology used in the creation, storage, exchange and utilization of data, conversation and all multi-media forms of communication. With computer technology constantly changing and improving, businesses are being driven with the need for the right system that is based on the requirements and goals of their enterprise. They are considered business allies in an information-based economy.

What drives information technology is competition within the business environment and the progression of computer technology that it is a part of. The systems of technology involve varied shapes of many state of the art devices that help in the transmission of information to managers translating such information to their decisions in the organization’s operations.

There are many forms of information technology like computers, sensors, robots and decision support systems. The newest one being used in the market today are handhelds to help managers and subordinates to support their daily operations in the office. Due to the emergence of varied accounting system technology, Electronic Data Process Auditing now also known as Information Technology Auditing was launched to also cater to the need for technology control and as a response to utilize computers’ capacity for attestation services.

Information technology has revolutionized business operations. In shaping the structure and functions of work organizations, plants, and office, modern information technology is considered one of prime movers among many industries. When one talks about technology, it brings up a whole exciting world of computers and the Internet. It also prompts terms like server, intranet, security, firewall and network. Other terms in its jargon are Ethernet, VoIP and more.

Information technology has not always alluded to computers, but referred to the oldest information processor, which is the brain. Technology is perhaps man’s scientific attempt to imitate the brain’s efficiency in functions of communication and information storage. Thus it is essentially the communication, storage and processing of information that would suit the purposes of users.

Through the use of high technology in the form of state of the art computers and software systems, communication is well managed. Some companies refer to its Information Technology Department as MIS or Management Information Services. Large companies have bigger requirements for the Information technology departments with bigger responsibilities in information storage, information protection, information processing, information transmission, and even information retrieval. IT contributes to the success of these businesses as it works along side its human resources in accomplishing the organization’s tasks while reducing costs and opening new possibilities that have never been tried before by the company.

When the best of both science and technology is combined, what results is as powerful as today’s advancements in technology. So powerful it is that it is not only a part of man’s life — it dominates it. It makes him realize every second of his existence

How to Wheel Lottery Numbers – 3 Ways to Win With Wheeling Systems

People who use wheeling systems have a 900% better chance of winning than people who do not. They do not guarantee you'll hit the jackpot but many people have. When you use a wheeling system, you pick out a certain set of numbers such as 10 numbers you've been handicapped.

In a 6 draw game, you need 6 to win the jackpot, but you also win with 3, 4 or 5 numbers. Depending on which wheeling system you're using, you could have five winning tickets. If you have all 6 winning numbers, then the rest of your tickets will be 3, 4 and 5 number wins.

They've become popular for the serious lottery player and that's how most are playing their games. When you learn how to wheel lottery numbers, your odds will drop dramatically. Most lottery winners handicap their numbers using a system.

3 Ways to Win With Wheeling Systems

1. Handicapped Numbers

To handicap numbers, you need to go through the past ten games. If you notice, there's a pattern. Some are hot (numbers that come up a lot) and some are cold. (Numbers that never or very seldom come up)

Pick the numbers that have been drawn the most and pick one cold number that has come up at least one time. If you're playing a 10 number wheel, pick ten numbers. If you're playing a pick 6 game, then split the numbers in half.

For instance, if the game has 40 numbers, the first half would be 1 through 20. And the second half would be 21 through 40. Pick half even and half odd. These are your handicapped numbers.

2. Wheeling System

There's many different wheeling systems. You need to use one that fits your budget. The tighter the wheel, the more it will cost you. The looser it is, the less it will cost. There are free ones online and it will show how many combinations each one has. That way you'll know what the cost would be.

Of course the more numbers you wheel, the better your chances are, but stay within your budget so you can play consistently. The wheel is the numbers you pick and the system is how the numbers are laid out and marked on your card.

3. Smart Luck

You're playing with smart luck not dumb luck. Dumb luck is picking random numbers that increase your odds by the millions. That's the way most people play. So do not pick favorite numbers such as anniversaries, holidays or birthdays. Do not play all odd or even numbers and do not play numbers in a sequence such as 31-32-33-34 because they very seldom come up.

Smart luck is putting your system together with handicapped numbers, half even and half odd and using a history of the past ten draws. Plus, you're using half low numbers and half high numbers. Doing that will drop your odds by over 900%.

Wheeling lottery numbers is fun, cheaper and the smartest way for anyone to play. It costs less to cover more numbers this way than it does playing them at random.

Try it and see for yourself. Be patient and use the same numbers every time you play. Ask any winner and they'll tell you they used a system. You could be one some day too.